Friday, October 21, 2011

Lesson 5- Edward Hicks

5- Edward Hicks

Access to the internet
printed copies of crossword puzzles found at:
printed copy of Noah's Ark color sheet- also found at the garden of praise site. I don't have the exact link, but it's right there with the other resources on the main page.
crayons and/or colored pencils

7 year old- 
Tell her a little bit about Edward Hicks-
He was born in Pennsylvania in 1740. His mom died when he was a baby and he was raised by a Quaker family. When he was 13 he started learning how to paint coaches. Late on he became a Quaker minister, but eventually quit preaching to pursue painting. He painted lots of pictures called Peaceable Kingdom based on some verses in Isaiah. He also painted Noah’s Ark. Show images of Peaceable Kingdom and Noah’s Ark.
Assignment- Color sheet of Noah’s Ark- I am not always a fan of color sheets because they lack creativity, but I think for the little ones it can be a fun way to get the image of a famous painting imprinted in their minds.
11 year old and 9 year old- 
Have them read through info found @ Do the crossword puzzle together. They will each have their own copy, but can work together on it.
9 year old- Choose one of the animals in Hick’s picture and redraw it, mimicking Hick’s style. Now place the animal in a different background.

11 year old- Draw a picture of Hick’s ark once the flood has begun. Is there any land still showing, or just water? What does the rain look like? How does the rain change the look of the boat? Use colored pencils and demonstrate using them for this assignment.

As the students finish they can do the jigsaw puzzle or memory game found here:
Jigsaw Puzzle of Noah’s Ark-
memory game-

All info in this lesson came from the the site listed in the lesson and from Wikipedia.

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

Flower Hair Pins

Last week another of our young teammates celebrated a birthday. This time I decided to make some flower hair pins. I'd seen this project from Martha Stewart and had already started creating my own version of it. You can find Martha's tutorial here.

Martha's project calls for ultrasuede, a nice fabric which doesn't unravel. I can't exactly get my hands on any of that in Geita, so I decided to let controlled unraveling edges be a part of the look. Pretty stitches keep the fabric from unraveling too much, while adding a nice detail to the flower. Here's my process:

1- I cut out 5 petals. You could make a template, but I just free handed it. They don't have to be exactly the same, just similar.

 2- Using some embroidery floss in a contrasting color, I did a simple running stitch around the edges, knotting the thread at both ends.

 3- Following Martha's directions I attached the petals to each other. In this pic they are just all bunched up together. After knotting the thread you can spread them out.

 4- I had to use several stitches between the first and last petal to get it to spread out the way I wanted. There wasn't really a science to it, just wriggling the fabric.

 5- To make my flower into a hair pin, I added beads to the top of the flower while sewing a bobby pin on the back. Basically everytime I went through to the front I added a bead, then pulled the thread through to the back making sure to wrap in around the bobby pin. I used a double thickness of normal sewing thread for this. You could use embroidery floss if your beads have a big enough hole to allow for the embroidery floss needle. Otherwise, you'll have to switch to normal thread here.

If you look closely you can see where the pin is attached. I made sure that the stitches went as far down the pin as possible to secure it. I also did several extra stitches around the bend in the flower to secure it. You don't want the pin to just slide out.

Here are the two that I made for the birthday girl. For the one on the left I actually stitched the fabric to some felt that was cut slightly larger. I like the look of it and it adds some extra durability.

For the wrapping I cut out four circles of tissue paper, two for each side because it was kind of see through. Then I stitched most of the way around.

 I dropped in the pins.

 Then I finished stitching. It almost looks like an Easter egg.

 Here's the birthday girl with her hair pins.

 And her younger sister trying one out.

And here are a few more of these flowers that I've been working on. Some will become hair pins, some brooches, and some are already on headbands. None of them have the beads added yet. These two both have felt backing.

 For the one on the right I used a double row of stitching.

Here are a couple of baby headbands, almost finished. These are a completely different style, just circles with french knots in the centers instead of beads.

Monday, October 10, 2011

Lesson 4- Katsushika Hokusai

Things have been pretty blah around here, or at least my food choices. Pregnancy is in full force and my days are spent trying to decide what to eat next (oatmeal or toast?), fixing the food, and then trying to keep it down. It's incredible just how much time and concentration those things take. Anyway, there hasn't been as much time for crafting, but I do have some things in the works that I hope to be sharing soon. In the meantime, here's last weeks art lesson.

Katsushika Hokusai
1- Present information about Hokusai-
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Katsushika". Get the kids to practice pronouncing the name. 
 Hokusai was a Japanese artist who lived from 1760-1849.
Hokusai is best known as author of the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji which includes the internationally recognized print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, created during the 1820s. Put Hokusai, The Great Wave on the Time Line.
Hokusai had a long career, but he produced most of his important work after age 60. 
Constantly seeking to produce better work, he apparently exclaimed on his deathbed, "If only Heaven will give me just another ten years... Just another five more years, then I could become a real painter." 
2- Look at  Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji and discuss how the mountain looks different in each one (size, location in the picture, colors). Make sure to point out The Great Wave. This is the most famous so I want the kids to remember it and be able to recognize it.
These prints were created in the style called Ukiyo-e.
3- Discuss printmaking. (this is sort of a deviation from where we are headed with the assignment, but I wanted to take the opportunity to teach a little about printmaking anyway. This step can be left out, particularly with younger ones if desired.) You can also discuss the Ukiyo-e style at this point if you want. Wikipedia has information about details of it.
Show the students some printmaking tools (cutter, brayer, lino blocks) to better explain the process of printmaking. (I’m including this because I happen to have these things on hand, but if you don’t just skip this step.)
4- The assignment- We are going to do our own series called 6 Views of Baobab Trees. (I choose this because Baobab trees grow in Tanzania and the girls are familiar with them. You could also use an Oak tree or any object or landmark you can imagine. Choose something you think will interest your student.)
11 year old- Draw a Baobab tree from 3 different views- above, far away, close up. I want you to imagine that this is the same Baobab tree, so if you draw a house near the tree in one picture it needs to be there in the others, just from the different view.
9 year old- Draw a Baobab tree from 2 different views- far away and close up. Imagine that this is the same tree in both pictures, so if there is a house near the tree in one picture it needs to be near the tree in the other picture.
6 year old- Draw one picture of a Baobab tree to contribute to the collection. Make the tree far away and add lots of details around it.

The oldest is still finishing her pictures so I'll come back and update the post with images once she finishes.

Sunday, October 2, 2011

Lesson 3: Greek Pottery

This lesson is sort of three in one. All three of my students will be learning about Greek pottery and decorating an Amphora, but each will be using a different Greek style.
Homemade Scratch Paper (made with appropriate colors for the style of Greek pottery to be created. See this post for how to make scratch paper.)
something to scratch with- we used toothpicks
images of Greek amphoras and the style or styles you plan to teach- There are a ton on Wikipedia. I didn't have to pull images from any other source.
1- Intro to Greek Pottery- Much of the artwork we know of from ancient Greece is ceramic. This is not necessarily because they made so much, but because it is what has survived.  In this lesson we will explore three of the different decorative styles used on Greek pottery: Geometric, Black Figure, and Red Figure. 
2- What colors are seen on Greek pottery? - The range of colors which could be used on pots was restricted by the technology of firing: black, white, red, and yellow were the most common. 
3- What Subject Matter is used to decorate Greek pottery?
-Greek pottery often told stories about Greek daily life such as funerals, marriages, wars and athletics. Athletics and wars were particularly popular subjects for pottery. These vases depict men wrestling, running, high jumping or throwing a discus. Another very popular subject matter for ancient Greek pottery was scenes from mythology
4- What is an Amphora- a vessel with a 2 handles and a long neck that is narrower than the body. They were used in large numbers to store and transport both liquid and dry goods. Show an image, which can be found on Wikipedia.
5- Go over each style with the student who will be using it. Show images of the style as you explain it. I found plenty of images for each style on Wikipedia. There is a page about Greek pottery as a whole and individual pages for each of the styles. Demonstrate how to used the scratch paper and help them brainstorm what they could draw to mimic the Greek style. Let the student practice on a test piece before doing the real Amphora. 
Geometric was one of the earliest styles (900-700BCE). In the Geometric style pots have several bands going around them creating horizontal lines. Shapes used to decorate include circles, semi-circles, zig-zags, meanders, and simple animals in later Geometric pieces. (There is a page on wiki for meanders that shows exactly what that design looks like)
Black Figure was common between the 7th and 5th centuries BC. The style features black figures painted onto a reddish colored pot.
Red Figure 530BC until 3rd century BC Red Figure is the opposite of Black Figure; a read figure on a black pot.
6- Place each of the styles of Greek pottery on the timeline.

Here is our finished work:


Black Figure

Red Figure

Info in this lesson came mostly from Wikipedia. 
The initial concept for this lesson came from:

By the way, I love that last site. It is an incredible resource for art lesson plans and inspiration and it is well organized. I used it all the time when I was teaching in public school.

Saturday, October 1, 2011

Scratch Paper

Well, we've finally got good internet again, so here is the beginning of the Greek Art Lesson from  two weeks ago. You'll need to make scratch paper, so I'm posting that part today and the rest of the lesson tomorrow.
Scratch paper is really easy to make. Here’s how it’s done:
1- Color with crayons or oil pastels on a piece of paper or a thin piece of cardboard, like the inside of a cut up cereal box. You need to press really hard to get a nice smooth waxy finish. The oil pastels are messier than crayons, but I think they create a nicer, brighter finish. You can do a solid color, stripes, or any design you can imagine.
2- Mix about 3 Tbsp of tempera paint with 1/2 tsp of dish soap. Cover the drawing with a layer of the paint and let dry.
3- Once dry you are ready to scratch through to reveal your beautiful colors! A toothpick works great for the scratching.
*On one of mine I forgot the dish soap and it did make it a little harder to scratch a clean line.

Here are a couple of extra pieces (before the paint was applied) that I did for the kids to take home.
Try out different patterns or shapes of colors to scratch through to.

Now here are some more specific directions for making the scratch paper needed for the Greek Pottery lesson:

You could have the kids make the scratch paper, but I went ahead and made it for them.
We are going to be decorating Greek amphoras. An amphora has a long, thin neck, a wider base, and a handle on each side. We used three different styles of Greek decoration, geometric, black figure, and red figure. The colors combos are different for each of these but the shape of each amphora is roughly the same.

On a piece of cardboard or paper using the appropriate color for the style you are doing color hard in a rough shape of an amphora.
For geometric I did different colored stripes going up the amphora all in earth tones.
For black figure you need to use black crayon or oil pastel.
For red figure use red or a reddish brown.

Now you need to paint over the waxy surface with the appropriate color for your style. Don't forget to add a little dish soap to your paint. Paint only over the crayon or oil pastel. 
For the geometric I used a light brownish, peachish color.
For the black figure use red or a reddish brown.
For the red figure use black.

Once it dries you can cut out the amphora. To get a symmetrical shape I cut out one side first and then used the scrap from that side to trace the same cut onto the other side. If you are scared to just start cutting on that first side you can draw out your line on a piece of paper and cut the line. Then use it to trace the line onto both sides. To cut out the holes inside the handles I used and exacto knife. Again you can make a little piece of paper to trace before cutting so that both sides are the same.

*As I was making these I also made some little scrap pieces so the kids would have something to practice on before scratching into the real thing.

Here is what I ended up with: